On October 9, local time, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announced that the 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to John B. Goodinoff, M. Stanley Wittingham, and Akira Yoshino to reward them for their lithium-ion contribution.
Goodinuff, a professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Texas at Austin, has made pioneering and leading contributions to modern lithium-ion batteries. In 1980, Gudinav and Japanese scholar Mizushima Koichi et al. Breakthroughly invented the lithium cobalt oxide cathode material, lithium cobaltate, and started important research that will change human life in the next 30 years. Goodinev's team later invented lithium manganate and lithium iron phosphate. Sony adopted Goodinuff's theory to produce the world's first commercial lithium battery. Since then, mobile phones, cameras, hand-held cameras and even electric vehicles have gradually entered the era of portable new energy. Goodinoff was fascinated by battery research and created a smaller, larger, and more stable lithium-ion battery. In 2017, at the time, 94-year-old Goodinoff created an “all-solid” lithium battery.
Whitingham received the Battery Research Award from the Electrochemical Society in 2004 and was elected as a researcher in 2006 for his contributions to the science and technology of lithium batteries. In 2010, he was awarded the American Chemical Society-NERM Award for Achievement in Chemical Science for his contributions to green technology. In 2012, he received the Yeager Award from the International Battery Association in recognition of his lifetime contribution to lithium batteries. In 2015, he won the NAAbatt Award for his contribution to battery life.
Yoshino Akira developed the world's first lithium-ion battery model in 1985. He is currently an Honorary Advisor to Asahi Kasei. Asahi Kasei is the world's largest supplier of lithium-ion battery separators.
In the early 1980s, Akira Yoshino studied polyacetylene in Asahi Chemical's laboratory. This conductive polymer was discovered by Japanese chemist and Nobel Prize winner Hideki Shirakawa. Although this material is mostly used in solar panels and semiconductors, Akino Yoshino was keenly aware that many small electronic devices that needed rechargeable batteries were beginning to enter the market, and he began research and development of batteries in this field.